Robotics – Heavy Object Manipulation

Robotics has come a long way in recent years, revolutionizing various industries and transforming the way we work. While robots have already made significant strides in tasks such as warehouse automation, there is still a vast untapped potential for them to tackle more challenging tasks. One such area is the ability to handle heavy objects, which is often physically demanding and time-consuming for human workers. However, several companies are working on innovative solutions to address this problem and create robots capable of efficiently and effectively moving heavy items.

In this article, we will delve into the world of robotics and explore the advancements being made in the field of heavy object manipulation. We’ll highlight the fascinating work of Dextrous Robotics, a company that has developed a unique approach using giant chopsticks to move heavy boxes. We’ll examine the challenges they faced, the capabilities of their robots, and the potential impact on industries such as logistics and warehousing.

The Need for Heavy Object Manipulation

Moving heavy objects has always been a challenging task for humans. It requires physical strength, endurance, and often involves the risk of injury. In industries such as logistics and warehousing, the need to unload trailers filled with heavy boxes efficiently and safely is paramount. While robots have already proven their worth in handling small items in warehouses, the ability to tackle larger and heavier objects has remained a significant hurdle.

Dextrous Robotics: An Innovative Approach

Dextrous Robotics has taken a unique approach to solve the problem of heavy object manipulation. Their robots employ a pair of giant chopsticks to move boxes with precision and efficiency. The company initially started with a proof of concept using Franka Panda robotic arms but has since scaled up to a larger robot capable of handling hundreds of heavy boxes per hour.

The Robustness of the Chopstick Approach

One of the key advantages of Dextrous Robotics’ chopstick approach is its robustness. The independently posable chopsticks allow for the manipulation of a wide variety of objects with a straightforward mechanical design. This simplification of the grasping problem enables the robot to carry heavy payloads and small items with precise manipulation. It’s a significant breakthrough in the field of heavy object manipulation.

Impressive Performance in Unloading Scenarios

In a simulated scenario of unloading a packed trailer, Dextrous Robotics’ robot can move approximately 150 boxes per hour. However, this is just a fraction of its actual capability. In an uncluttered environment, the robot has demonstrated the ability to operate at a staggering speed of 900 boxes per hour, surpassing the efficiency of human workers who can typically handle only 300 to 500 boxes per hour.

Overcoming Challenges: Perception and Planning

While moving heavy boxes quickly is undoubtedly challenging, the process of picking up these boxes presents an even greater obstacle. Other robotics companies often rely on suction systems to pick up objects, but Dextrous Robotics has chosen to favor the use of giant chopsticks. While suction has its advantages, such as ease of handling on the perception and planning side, it also has limitations. Suction systems have a payload limit, struggle with odd-size boxes, and face difficulties in operating in low-temperature environments.

The Dextrous chopsticks, on the other hand, provide support to a box on two sides, allowing for faster movement without compromising grip or causing damage. However, this capability adds complexity to the perception and planning side of the robot’s operation. Dextrous Robotics has dedicated considerable effort to achieving a high level of precision in the perception system and manipulation to ensure confident and accurate picking.

Autonomous and Adaptive Manipulation Behaviors

Dextrous Robotics’ robot exhibits a remarkable level of autonomy in its manipulation behaviors. While watching videos of the robot in action may give the impression of teleoperation, the robot is entirely autonomous. The precision of the controllers used by Dextrous Robotics proved to be so advanced that teleoperation could not improve the system’s performance. The robot possesses a diverse set of skills that it utilizes to figure out the best way to pick up each box.

The robot’s manipulation capabilities are not limited to rigid objects. Research from Siddhartha Srinivasa at the University of Washington has shown that a robot equipped with chopsticks can learn to perform dynamic fine manipulation of spherical objects. Dextrous Robotics has even found ways to slightly cheat the system by adding a thin coating of hard rubber to the chopsticks’ end effectors, providing a small amount of compliance for easier grasping of tricky objects.

Progress and Future Prospects

Dextrous Robotics has made significant strides in the development of their heavy object manipulation system. Over the past year, they have focused on ensuring the system’s reliability and its ability to handle a wide range of scenarios typically encountered in warehouses. The next step for Dextrous Robotics is to combine high-speed operation with autonomous reliability, aiming to make the entire process fully autonomous, including driving the robot into containers and optimizing movement within them.

The biggest challenge on the business side for Dextrous Robotics is manufacturing enough robots to meet the growing demand. As they continue to build the hardware in-house, the transition from experiment to product hinges on their ability to scale up production. The technical hurdles have largely been overcome, and with commercial pilots on the horizon, it’s only a matter of time before Dextrous Robotics’ heavy object manipulation robots become a common sight in warehouses worldwide.


The field of robotics continues to push boundaries and revolutionize industries, and the development of heavy object manipulation robots is a significant step forward. Dextrous Robotics’ innovative approach, utilizing giant chopsticks, has shown tremendous promise in handling heavy boxes with precision and speed. The robustness of their system, combined with the robot’s autonomy in manipulation behaviors, sets the stage for a future where heavy lifting becomes a task best suited for machines.

As the demand for efficient and safe unloading of heavy boxes continues to grow, the advancements made by companies like Dextrous Robotics have the potential to reshape industries such as logistics and warehousing. With the hardest technical problems solved, it’s now a matter of scaling up production and making the transition from experiment to a commercially viable product. The future of heavy object manipulation in robotics looks bright, and we can expect to see robots like those developed by Dextrous Robotics playing a crucial role in transforming how we handle heavy objects in various industries.